Juvenile Death Penalty Laws

In the United States, Thomas Graunger was the first juvenile to be executed in 1642. From that time on, there have been more than 370 juvenile convicts executed in the U.S. for crimes that involve murder. In Thompson v. Oklahoma, the US Supreme Court in 1988 made it illegal to execute anybody below sixteen years old. In the Roper v. Simmons case, the country made it illegal in 2005 to execute an offender below eighteen years old.

The US Supreme Court in 2002 made it illegal to execute mentally retarded convicts, as well as mentally challenged juveniles. “Mentally challenged” is the term used to refer to anybody with an IQ not greater than 70. The Supreme Court of the United States considered the execution of mentally challenged criminals of any age as unusual and cruel penalty.

On the Rights of the Child, the United Nations (UN) Convention prohibits the execution of convicts below eighteen years old. This is stated in article 37a by the convention, and all nations have signed excluding the United States and Somalia.

The implementation of the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights took place in 1966 for the enforcement of human rights all over the world. The rights protected by this treaty are the right to religion, assembly, life, and freedom of speech.

State Offenses

The latest information available with the United States Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics are for death penalty laws existent in 2008; currently, New Mexico and Illinois must not be included in these statistics, since these states have abolished capital punishment in 2009 and 2011 respectively. State laws differ from one state to another, including many forms of murder like first-degree murder, aggravated murder and capital murder. In some states, they compose the only death penalty offenses. In other More...

World Facts on Capital Punishment

• 90% of all executions as of 2006 were carried out in US and Asia. There were 1,591 people executed 25 countries while the number of sentenced defendant was 3,861. • There are 90 countries that already abolished the death penalty for all crimes. Although there are still 32 countries implementing capital punishment, no executions yet were carried out. • The execution methods used since 2000 were hanging, lethal injection, beheading, stoning, electrocution, and shooting. • More capital punishment facts More...

Facts about its Early History

There are a lot of historians who have gathered several capital punishment facts that will support the fact that this type of penalty was utilized in some of the earliest civilizations of the world. There are a lot of evidences wherein the Greeks and the Romans have specific written laws about the application of the death penalty in their law and punishment system. In ancient times, capital punishment was applied not only by a large kingdom but it was also More...

About Capital Punishment

Ever since the start of humanity, killing each other has been a part of man’s existence. There are times that killing happened for no reason, sometimes, as part of ritual or custom and oftentimes, out of necessity. At present, this heinous practice is still prevalent in our society, which is the main reason why capital punishment or death penalty is created. There are sectors which are not in favor of this type of punishment and most of them probably are More...

Capital Punishment Facts

Death penalty, also referred to as capital punishment, is a term used for describing the act of depriving a person of life or putting him to death either to ensure that he cannot commit crimes in the future or as a retribution act, after legal system judgment. The term capital punishment comes from the Latin word capitalis which means head. It describes the fact that capital punishment historically involved losing the head of a person. At some point, most countries More...

Controversies about Capital Punishment Facts

There are certainly a lot of controversies surrounding the death penalty. People who are in favor and those who are against it are constantly looking and understanding capital punishment facts so that they can create a strong argument against the other party. One of the aspects of this type of penalty that is stirring a lot of controversies is the identification of the crimes that could be punished with the death penalty. Lawmakers are looking for valid grounds on which More...