Juvenile Death Penalty Laws

In the United States, Thomas Graunger was the first juvenile to be executed in 1642. From that time on, there have been more than 370 juvenile convicts executed in the U.S. for crimes that involve murder. In Thompson v. Oklahoma, the US Supreme Court in 1988 made it illegal to execute anybody below sixteen years old. In the Roper v. Simmons case, the country made it illegal in 2005 to execute an offender below eighteen years old.

The US Supreme Court in 2002 made it illegal to execute mentally retarded convicts, as well as mentally challenged juveniles. “Mentally challenged” is the term used to refer to anybody with an IQ not greater than 70. The Supreme Court of the United States considered the execution of mentally challenged criminals of any age as unusual and cruel penalty.

On the Rights of the Child, the United Nations (UN) Convention prohibits the execution of convicts below eighteen years old. This is stated in article 37a by the convention, and all nations have signed excluding the United States and Somalia.

The implementation of the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights took place in 1966 for the enforcement of human rights all over the world. The rights protected by this treaty are the right to religion, assembly, life, and freedom of speech.

Death penalty for Males and Females

In justice, the function of gender has long been an argumentative subject matter. The probability that justice has not always been unaware of gender has resulted in several reforms through the years, particularly in civil law associated with marriage and divorce. However, in criminal law, the position of genders is still relatively consistent through the years. Men and women alike can be charged with similar crimes, and they can both receive the most serious punishment, the death penalty. In spite More...

Statistics for Death Penalty

Whether you are against or for death penalty, understanding the statistics will help you deal with this issue. You are fortunate enough to be able to access these statistics easily. Search the current log of death penalty statistics of the US Department of Justice. The statistics include the number of executed inmates in a specific year and the number of sentenced prisoners to death, to name a few. Lawmakers usually use these statistics to either denounce or promote the capital More...

Pro or Anti

If you want to select a position over capital punishment issues, decide whether or not it is moral to sentence individuals to death. In case you believe that it is generally morally unacceptable, selecting a position over other issues about the capital punishment may not be difficult. But if you believe that the capital punishment is acceptable, then you need to consider a lot more issues. Decide whether or not the capital punishment prevents forthcoming crime more effectively than lifetime More...

Federal Offenses

All crimes at the federal level punished by the death penalty are murder plus other offenses, which may include drug-related shootings; civil rights offenses; sending of harmful items through mail for the purpose of killing; smuggling of aliens; destruction of facilities, vehicles or aircraft; delivery of explosives or destruction of any governmental property or property relevant to interstate/foreign commerce; and any offenses against marine navigation or fixed platforms. Aircraft hijacking, bank-robbery, use of mass destruction weapons, torture, sexual children exploitation, More...

Advantages and Disadvantages

Taking a person’s life as a form of punishment is definitely a very serious issue that many states and countries around the world are still debating until now. Based on capital punishment facts, this type of sentence has already been used even during ancient times. But its history does not necessarily mean that people today must still continue to give out death sentence penalties to criminals. Identifying the advantages and disadvantages of this penalty will help in the talks about More...

Early Stages of Death Penalty Case

The death penalty, or capital punishment, is a death sentence that the judicial system enforces as punishment for a person who has committed a crime. It is a long process to reach a death penalty verdict and the convicted inmate can wait for decades on death row before being executed, even after the handing down of the sentence. All court convictions, trials and cases begin with the arrest of a criminal. Although laws vary from one state to another, the More...