Juvenile Death Penalty Laws

In the United States, Thomas Graunger was the first juvenile to be executed in 1642. From that time on, there have been more than 370 juvenile convicts executed in the U.S. for crimes that involve murder. In Thompson v. Oklahoma, the US Supreme Court in 1988 made it illegal to execute anybody below sixteen years old. In the Roper v. Simmons case, the country made it illegal in 2005 to execute an offender below eighteen years old.

The US Supreme Court in 2002 made it illegal to execute mentally retarded convicts, as well as mentally challenged juveniles. “Mentally challenged” is the term used to refer to anybody with an IQ not greater than 70. The Supreme Court of the United States considered the execution of mentally challenged criminals of any age as unusual and cruel penalty.

On the Rights of the Child, the United Nations (UN) Convention prohibits the execution of convicts below eighteen years old. This is stated in article 37a by the convention, and all nations have signed excluding the United States and Somalia.

The implementation of the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights took place in 1966 for the enforcement of human rights all over the world. The rights protected by this treaty are the right to religion, assembly, life, and freedom of speech.

State Offenses

The latest information available with the United States Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics are for death penalty laws existent in 2008; currently, New Mexico and Illinois must not be included in these statistics, since these states have abolished capital punishment in 2009 and 2011 respectively. State laws differ from one state to another, including many forms of murder like first-degree murder, aggravated murder and capital murder. In some states, they compose the only death penalty offenses. In other More...

Death Penalty Facts around the World

Whenever a person commits a crime, the law often states what types of punishments are allowed to be given to that individual. There are different types of punishment that a person can go through and the most common one is jail time. But one very controversial form of sentence is the capital punishment which is more commonly known as death penalty. Lawmakers, judges and juries are very careful about this type of punishment because there are a lot of criticisms More...

Death penalty for Males and Females

In justice, the function of gender has long been an argumentative subject matter. The probability that justice has not always been unaware of gender has resulted in several reforms through the years, particularly in civil law associated with marriage and divorce. However, in criminal law, the position of genders is still relatively consistent through the years. Men and women alike can be charged with similar crimes, and they can both receive the most serious punishment, the death penalty. In spite More...

Statistics for Death Penalty

Whether you are against or for death penalty, understanding the statistics will help you deal with this issue. You are fortunate enough to be able to access these statistics easily. Search the current log of death penalty statistics of the US Department of Justice. The statistics include the number of executed inmates in a specific year and the number of sentenced prisoners to death, to name a few. Lawmakers usually use these statistics to either denounce or promote the capital More...

Federal Offenses

All crimes at the federal level punished by the death penalty are murder plus other offenses, which may include drug-related shootings; civil rights offenses; sending of harmful items through mail for the purpose of killing; smuggling of aliens; destruction of facilities, vehicles or aircraft; delivery of explosives or destruction of any governmental property or property relevant to interstate/foreign commerce; and any offenses against marine navigation or fixed platforms. Aircraft hijacking, bank-robbery, use of mass destruction weapons, torture, sexual children exploitation, More...

Issues regarding Capital Punishment

The debate between allowing the sentencing of death penalty is still ongoing since people are really divided. Here are a couple of issues about capital punishment. • Wrong Convictions. With all the statistics stated in the capital punishment facts, there are still a lot of people who are scared about killing the wrong criminal. This is one of the issues that many governments really admit to be struggling with. • Costs. Not many people are aware of this but the More...