Juvenile Death Penalty Laws

In the United States, Thomas Graunger was the first juvenile to be executed in 1642. From that time on, there have been more than 370 juvenile convicts executed in the U.S. for crimes that involve murder. In Thompson v. Oklahoma, the US Supreme Court in 1988 made it illegal to execute anybody below sixteen years old. In the Roper v. Simmons case, the country made it illegal in 2005 to execute an offender below eighteen years old.

The US Supreme Court in 2002 made it illegal to execute mentally retarded convicts, as well as mentally challenged juveniles. “Mentally challenged” is the term used to refer to anybody with an IQ not greater than 70. The Supreme Court of the United States considered the execution of mentally challenged criminals of any age as unusual and cruel penalty.

On the Rights of the Child, the United Nations (UN) Convention prohibits the execution of convicts below eighteen years old. This is stated in article 37a by the convention, and all nations have signed excluding the United States and Somalia.

The implementation of the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights took place in 1966 for the enforcement of human rights all over the world. The rights protected by this treaty are the right to religion, assembly, life, and freedom of speech.

Crimes Resulting in Death Penalty

Death penalty is the putting of a convicted criminal to death by the courts. There have been particular crimes determined to call for it. These crimes are referred to as capital offenses. Crimes that induce death penalty vary in every jurisdiction. Depending upon the place where the crime happens, treason and kidnapping can be capital offenses. States that practice the death penalty consider the most heinous types of murder as capital crimes, like murdering a law officer. A number of More...

Most Common Methods of Death Penalty

There are different methods of death penalty known to man. But according to capital punishment facts from experts, some of the traditional methods have already been abolished. Here are the common methods used today: • Lethal Injection. Lethal injection is one of the methods of choice by many countries who are still practicing death penalty because it is more humane than the other techniques. The body will be introduced with different lethal drugs of high doses to cause the death More...

Late Stages of Death Penalty Case

Because of the seriousness of the penalty, all capital punishment cases undergo a mandatory and automatic appeals process. It is during appeals that the defense and prosecution present their respective sides of the case. An appellate court will then review their statements. The defense will do everything to prove that his being convicted and/or sentenced was somehow unlawful or unfair. Appeals are typically based upon legal mistakes, like inappropriate jury directions or excluded piece of evidence. An appellate judge is More...

Pro or Anti

If you want to select a position over capital punishment issues, decide whether or not it is moral to sentence individuals to death. In case you believe that it is generally morally unacceptable, selecting a position over other issues about the capital punishment may not be difficult. But if you believe that the capital punishment is acceptable, then you need to consider a lot more issues. Decide whether or not the capital punishment prevents forthcoming crime more effectively than lifetime More...

Death penalty for Males and Females

In justice, the function of gender has long been an argumentative subject matter. The probability that justice has not always been unaware of gender has resulted in several reforms through the years, particularly in civil law associated with marriage and divorce. However, in criminal law, the position of genders is still relatively consistent through the years. Men and women alike can be charged with similar crimes, and they can both receive the most serious punishment, the death penalty. In spite More...

Death Penalty Facts around the World

Whenever a person commits a crime, the law often states what types of punishments are allowed to be given to that individual. There are different types of punishment that a person can go through and the most common one is jail time. But one very controversial form of sentence is the capital punishment which is more commonly known as death penalty. Lawmakers, judges and juries are very careful about this type of punishment because there are a lot of criticisms More...